Between 1971 and 2012, Morocco’s population has doubled, from 15,4 million to 32 million inhabitants. This important demographic growth has taken place to the benefit of progressive urbanisation efforts carried out over many decades. In order to accommodate its demographical dynamic and tackle a growing urbanisation rate – 58.8% in 2012 and more than 65% in 2030 – Morocco has adopted a comprehensive economic, social and environmental strategy characterised by various urban planning programs and strategic plans in order to boost its economy and improve the quality of life of its citizens.
Greater Casablanca, a metropolis of 3,7 million inhabitants and economic heart of the country does not escape this reality. The city’s notable economic success has attracted a massive rural inflow.
The region nonetheless suffers from different spatial and socio-economic issues which include an important demographic pressure (60% more households by 2030) as well as important East/West discrepancies namely in terms of services (businesses, leisure, education, health…)
Morocco is tackling those issues by pursuing a thorough economic, social and environmental policy characterised by various urban planning programs and strategic plans in order to boost its economy and improve living conditions for its citizens. Among such plans, a dozen new cities are planned, including the New City of Zenata in the Greater Casablanca region.